The North Kenwood/Oakland Charter School Presents
A Gateway to African American History

FROM 1900 to 1940


General References and
Lists of Links


Art and Artists

The Slave Trade

From the Civil War
to the Twentieth Century

The Struggle for Rights:

The Struggle Continues:
1975-The Present

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George Washington Carver A scientist whose contributions to food science helped sustain the poor, rural black people of his time. A list of things he made from peanuts is amazing.

Black Migration  The North seemed like a promised land to African Americans living in the South.  They came for work and freedom.  Be sure to read the words of black migrants.

African Americans in World War I  With an emphasis on the 369th Infranty, this article from the National Archives gives a good introduction to the role of black soldiers in the "Great War."

Race Riots after World War I.  When the soldiers came home from the war in 1918 and 1919, racial friction reached a new height in cities of the North.  In 1919 alone, there were 23 race riots in American cities.  They continued, sporadically but horribly, for the next fifty years.

Tulsa Riots, 1921  Recently, these have come into the news again. They seem to have been the worst of all.  Photos tell the story.
Chicago Riots were the worst in Chicago history.   See how the Chicago press dealt with it at the time.
Longview, Texas, 1919  When you read, note the author's slant.  This is from a handbook which is supposed to promote Texas, not show its faults.
Atlanta, 1906  This is an earlier riot.  The web site is outstanding and particularly aimed to help young students do original research.

W. E. B. Du Bois  One of the giants of his time, Du Bois was a founder of the NAACP and the first editor of its journal, The Crisis

Marcus Garvey  Marcus Garvey led a "back to Africa" movement which had enormous effect in the 1920's and 30's.  It is almost forgotten now, but Garvey's ideas were important in giving great emphasis to black self-reliance.  There is also a fine site comparing Marcus Garvey and W. E. B. DuBois.

Harlem 1900-1940: A Search Engine  Put in the name of any artist, writer or musician who lived in New York between 1900 and 1940 and it gives you a nice, short sketch of his life. 

Harlem 1900-1940: A Timeline  This is a wonderful timeline, giving thorough explanation to the most important events for nearly every year from 1900 to 1940.  Virtually every important African American in Harlem is mentioned and discussed along the way. 

Joe Louis was both the Jackie Robinson and the Michael Jordan of his time.  A tremendous sports hero who gave African Americans a sense of pride and hope. 

The Negro Baseball Leagues  This is really a history of African American baseball going back into the 1800's.

Jesse Owens Jesse Owens' thrilling victories in the Olympics of 1936 have never been forgotten. 

The Scottsboro Boys  When nine black boys were convicted of raping two white girls it caused and international uproar against the injustice of the verdict.  It was one of the few times when attention was focused on the fact blacks were not only the object of discrimination.  They were under a constant threat of lynching  and other forms of violence. 

Madame C. J. Walker  A short introduction to the woman who is said to have been the first millionaire among African Americans. 

Ida B. Wells Barnett   was a founder of the NAACP and a leader in all areas of the struggle for the rights of black Americans.  She lived most of her life in Chicago, not far from our school.