A comparison of

"Traditional" vs. "Progressive" Education

(a comparison of elements)
 
 

ELEMENT

TRADITIONAL

PROGRESSIVE

Classrooms

rows of seats clusters
bolted down seats/desk  beanbags
seats facing front/dead space tables
teacher in front carpet
teacher-center motion
elevated teacher active/loud
quiet artwork
blackboard front plants
right angles light
set times/plot food

Teachers

stern/strict facilitative
in-charge allow student discussion
talking adaptive/flexible
authoritative project oriented
hierarchy collaborative/teams
alone cooperative
responsible for curriculum unprepared
unvarying/focused

Students

obedient freedom to choose
empty vessels/receiver independent of teacher
attentive self-motivated
respectful to teacher collaborate
grade-motivated already full of experience
standard evaluation evaluation through multiple rubrics
single modality multiple modalities

Text/materials

textbooks student-created
workbooks multimedial
rote learning multi-source
teach/test/ raw materials
objective inter/multi disciplinary
provided/pre-generated by experts interactive
paper/pencil performance

Activities

sit and listen performance evaluation
take notes authentic
mastery multi-level
read individualized
discuss (teacher-led) open-ended
prescriptive multiple intelligences